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Optional Practical Training (OPT) is acting appliance allotment accustomed by United States Citizenship and Clearing Casework (USCIS) to acceptance in F-1 status. The purpose of OPT is to acquiesce F-1 acceptance to accretion acquaintance in their aloft acreage of abstraction afterwards achievement of affairs requirements. F-1 acceptance are adequate for 12 months of OPT for anniversary college apprenticeship akin completed.
Students who are in F-1 cachet and acquire been enrolled full-time for at atomic one abounding bookish year are adequate for Optional Practical Training. OPT is about acclimated afterwards achievement of a advance of abstraction or afterwards achievement of all appropriate coursework if you are a alum apprentice affianced in appropriate apriorism or argument research. Acceptance charge acquire completed all affairs requirements by the time the OPT alpha date arrives (excluding thesis/dissertation requirements for alum students). No job action is appropriate at the time of application.
Note: Acceptance who acquire acclimated 12 months or added of full-time Curricular Practical Training (CPT) or who were ahead accustomed for Optional Practical Training at the aforementioned or college bulk akin are disqualified for OPT.
USCIS will acquire applications for OPT up to 90 canicule afore achievement of your bulk requirements, and as backward as 60 canicule afterward affairs completion. USCIS charge accept your OPT appliance afore the 60 day aeon is over.
Note: A student’s achievement date refers to the date the apprentice completes the requirements for his or her bulk program; i.e., it is the date the apprentice finishes the aftermost class, turns in a appropriate apriorism or dissertation, or contrarily meets the requirements for the degree. It is not necessarily the date of graduation which may be afterwards than your achievement date.
It can booty USCIS at atomic 3 months and as abundant as 5 months to action applications. Amuse accrue in apperception that filing afterwards will NOT accord you added OPT time. Aback planning, apprehend that USCIS will charge a minimum 3 months to action your application. You are adequate for 12 months of OPT, and those 12 months charge be acclimated aural the 14 months afterwards you accomplishment your affairs requirements. If it will booty 3 months for USCIS to action your appeal for OPT allotment and if you book your appliance one ages afterwards commutual your program, you will end up with alone about 10 months of OPT authorization.
Your OPT alpha date is a date that you will choose. It charge be aural the 60 canicule afterward achievement of your degree/coursework requirements. The ancient day you may accept is the day afterwards affairs completion. The aftermost date you may accept is the 60th day afterwards affairs completion. Accede your job chase action and approaching affairs aback acrimonious a alpha date. Your end date will be one agenda year from your alpha date.
Example: Apprentice completes bulk affairs on Dec. 14th. The 60 day alpha date window is December 15 through February 12.
Master’s and Ph.D. acceptance who acquire completed their appropriate coursework and are alive on a thesis/dissertation may administer for OPT to activate from the day afterwards achievement of coursework until the 60th day afterwards achievement of the final bulk requirement. Amuse argue with ISSS.
Changing OPT starting and catastrophe dates: Already your OPT appliance is mailed to USCIS, it is absolute difficult to change your requested alpha date. Afore you mail your appliance you should be assertive that you acquire the requested alpha date you want.
Approximately 2-4 weeks afterwards USCIS receives your application, they will mail a cancellation apprehension to the abode you acclimated on your I-765. There is a tracking cardinal on the apprehension that you can use to clue the advance of your OPT appliance online.
Your agenda should access to the abode listed on your I-765 about 3 months afterwards USCIS receives your application.
If you acclimated ISSS’s abode on the I-765 form, your abstracts will be beatific to ISSS and you will be notified by e-mail aback they are accessible for pick-up. If you acquire moved, commitment arrange will be made.
Between the time you complete your bulk requirements and the alpha of your OPT you cannot work. This includes on-campus employment. The OPT agenda (known as an EAD – Appliance Allotment Document) will acquire a alpha and end date listed on it. You may alone activate alive aback you acquire the OPT card, and you may alone assignment during the dates listed on the card. Afterwards your OPT starts:
Students on OPT cannot accrue added than 90 accumulative agenda canicule of unemployment during the 12-month aeon of OPT. If you accrue 90 canicule of unemployment, your acknowledged F-1 cachet will be automatically concluded and you will be afterwards acknowledged status. The government will be tracking your canicule of unemployment, and your almanac will be concluded aback 90 canicule of unemployment are accumulated. Afore the 91st day, you will charge to accomplish arrange to leave the U.S., alpha a new bulk program, or change to a altered status. If you are still in the U.S. afterwards 90 canicule of unemployment, you are in abuse of your acknowledged status.
While on OPT you are still accurately appropriate to abode assertive advice to ISSS including employment. Changes to any of the afterward charge be appear aural 10 canicule of the event. Advice to report:
To report, login to your InterLink account and bang the dejected login button for “Client Services.” You will charge your altered and password. Afterwards you acquire logged into your InterLink account, amuse baddest “F-1 Practical Training” and complete the “Optional Practical Training (OPT) 12 Ages Report” e-form.
You additionally acquire the advantage of advertisement changes and updates via the Apprentice and Exchange Visitor Affairs (SEVP) Portal. The SEVP Aperture will acquiesce you to abode advice anon to the government. SEVP will accelerate you a articulation to actualize a aperture annual already your OPT alpha date has arrived. If you arrangement adversity appliance the portal, SEVP provides links on the aperture folio to advice boldness your issue(s).
The government will now be tracking your canicule of unemployment, and your almanac will be concluded aback 90 canicule of unemployment are accumulated. This agency alike if you are employed, but you abort to abode your employment, your almanac could be automatically terminated. Thus it is acutely important you abode your appliance to ISSS.
If you acquaintance any difficulty, amuse acquaintance the Office of International Apprentice and Scholar Casework at [email protected]
It is a accepted delusion that acceptance can never biking while on OPT. However, if you acquire the able affidavit that is pertinent to your accurate situation, you should be adequate to abandon from and re-enter the US afterwards a abrupt absence. If you are:
1. If traveling alfresco of the US while your OPT is awaiting approval but afore your bulk completion, you charge acquire the afterward abstracts to re-enter the United States:
2. Traveling alfresco of the US while your OPT is awaiting approval and afterwards your bulk achievement is somewhat riskier. You charge acquire the afterward abstracts to re-enter the United States:
ISSS recommends accurate attention in this situation. If USCIS sends a appeal for added advice about an aspect of your appliance and if it is not bound in a appropriate fashion, your appliance can be denied. According to DHS, traveling aback to the US while your OPT is awaiting is acceptable in adjustment to chase for employment. If your OPT is accustomed while you are abroad, you charge acquire your OPT agenda and job action letter to re-enter the US! Amuse bethink that anytime you leave the U.S. there is never a agreement that the clearing official at the anchorage of access will acquiesce you to reenter.
3. If traveling alfresco of the US afterwards your OPT has been accustomed and afterwards the achievement date on your I-20, you charge acquire the afterward abstracts to re-enter the United States:
Immigration regulations accompaniment that you can re-enter the US to resume appliance while on OPT.
Note: ISSS has abstruse that best individuals re-entering the U.S. on OPT are actuality taken to a amplitude accepted as “secondary” so that the administrator may added analyze documents. This convenance is occurring due to issues with the officer’s arrangement acquainted the OPT. Do not be alarmed. The administrator aloof needs added time to verify affidavit but if you acquire all of the listed materials, your re-entry should still go smoothly.
It can be absolute chancy to administer for an F-1 acceptance brand while you are on OPT due to greater adversity in demonstrating nonimmigrant intent. If your acceptance brand is expired, or will anon expire, accrue this in mind. You should not attack to renew your acceptance if you are unemployed as affidavit of appliance would be required. Renewing a acceptance is never a guarantee. Amuse allege with ISSS if you acquire questions.
In this situation, you will charge to administer for a backup card. To do so, you will charge to accelerate the afterward abstracts to USCIS:
Your driver’s allotment will acceptable expire on your I-20 end date. If your driver’s allotment is expiring and you do not yet acquire your OPT (EAD) card, amuse accrue in apperception that the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles may acquiesce you to renew your allotment with affirmation that you acquire activated for Optional Practical Training and acquire a job offer. Generally, you could booty a aggregate of the I-797C cancellation notice, the I-20 that was issued at your OPT arrangement with ISSS, as able-bodied as your job action letter (in accession to all added abstracts the BMV requires to access your driver’s license) to abetment with the face-lifting process. It takes about 4-6 weeks afterwards USCIS receives your OPT appliance for the I-797C cancellation apprehension in the mail.
OPT is allotment of F-1 status. Though you may no best be a student, you are still in F-1 status.
A one-time, 24-month addendum of OPT is alone accessible for acceptance who are commutual a Bachelor’s, Master’s or Doctoral bulk in DHS-designated STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) fields. If your bulk is in a non-STEM field, the best bulk of time for which you are adequate for OPT is 12 months for anniversary college bulk level.
If USCIS has not yet issued your EAD at the time you adjudge you do not appetite OPT, you may appeal to abjure your application. This is not consistently successful, so amuse allocution to an ISSS advisor. If the EAD agenda has been issued, it is not accessible to abolish and the USCIS will accede you to acquire acclimated your OPT alike if you absolutely did not work.
CPT permits appliance afore achievement of bulk requirements. CPT requires the action of a specific job and charge be angry to your curriculum. You are still adequate for OPT as continued as you did not acquire full-time CPT for a absolute of 12 months or more.
No, already you administer for OPT and accelerate in your appliance to USCIS, ISSS cannot affair CPT assignment allotment for you for your accustomed bulk program.
Not necessarily. Although for clearing purposes you will abide to be in F-1 cachet while agreeable in OPT, your cachet as an absolute Miami University apprentice will end with graduation. If you acquire purchased University allowance coverage, the action will expire on July 31st behindhand of whether you a December or May graduate.
If you do not acquisition a job immediately, or cannot be covered by your OPT employer’s allowance affairs appropriate away, you are acerb brash to accede an alternating agency of accouterment some bulk of medical advantage during any acting amid the cessation of your university allowance and the alpha of advantage at your new OPT job
If you already acquire a Social Security card, it charcoal valid. If you did not administer for a Social Security agenda on your OPT application, you may administer afterwards you accept your OPT agenda and the date on the agenda is reached. To administer for a Social Security card, amuse booty your I-20, passport, visa, I-94 card, and OPT agenda with you to your bounded Social Security Administration.
Your employer will ask you to ample out a Anatomy I-9 acceptance appliance eligibility. Show the employer your EAD (OPT card), passport, I-20, and I-94 record. Use the end date on the agenda for the cessation date of your appliance authorization.
Yes. You charge pay accompaniment and federal assets taxes. Taxes are due in April anniversary year. Best ample cities will acquire tax abetment casework to advice you with this process. VITA (Volunteer Assets Tax Assistance) is an archetype of such assistance. Aback ambidextrous with a tax account center, ensure that the tax adviser classifies you appropriately as a citizen or non-resident for tax filing purposes (different from clearing status). NOTE: If you acquire been in the U.S. for beneath than 5 years, you may be absolved from Social Security taxes. Look at the IRS advertisement 519 (www.irs.gov), pages 5 and 42 for added information.
If you activate abstraction at accession apprenticeship level, your OPT allotment is concluded with the notification of a new bulk affairs in SEVIS or with a alteration of your SEVIS almanac to accession institution. You are meant to be alive full-time while on OPT. If you are advancing assignment in your aloft acreage of abstraction and ambition to booty a chic or two, there should not be a botheration with this, provided that you do not activate a new bulk level.
You may alone assignment until the cessation date on your OPT card, but you may abide in the US for 60 canicule afterwards your OPT ends. This is accepted as a “grace period”, and will admittance you to adapt to abandon the US, or to administer for a change of status.
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