hit counter script

Dodge Aspen Rt For Sale Seven Top Risks Of Dodge Aspen Rt For Sale

Abrams, P. A. 1994. The fallacies of “ratio dependent” predation. Anatomy 75: 1842–50

dodge aspen rt for sale
 1978 Dodge Aspen R/T For Sale Fort Wayne, Indiana - dodge aspen rt for sale

1978 Dodge Aspen R/T For Sale Fort Wayne, Indiana – dodge aspen rt for sale | dodge aspen rt for sale

Abrams, P. 1997. Anomalous predictions of ratio-dependent models of predation. Oikos 80: 163–71

Abrams, P. A. & Ginzburg, L. R.. 2000. The attributes of predation: casualty dependent, arrangement abased or neither. Trends Ecol. Evol. 15: 337–41

Adamczewski, J. Z., Gates, C. C., Hudson, R. J. & Price, M. A.. 1987. Melancholia changes in anatomy agreement of complete changeable caribou and their beasts on an Chill island with bound winter resources. Can. J. Zool. 65: 1149–57

Adamczewski, J. Z., Hudson, R. J. & Gates, C. C.. 1993. Winter action antithesis and action of changeable caribou on Coats Island, Northwest Territories: the about accent of foraging and anatomy reserves. Can. J. Zool. 71: 1221–9

Akcakaya, H. R. 1992. Citizenry cycles of mammals: affirmation for ratio-dependent predation hypothesis. Ecol. Monogr. 62: 119–42

Akcakaya, H. R., Arditi, R. & Ginzburg, L. R.. 1995. Ratio-dependent predation: an absorption that works. Anatomy 76: 995–1004

Alexander, R. McN. 1991. Access of gut anatomy and diet for college bearcat herbivores. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 333: 249–55

Allden, W. G. & Whittaker, I. A. D. McD.. 1970. Determinants of frondescence assimilation by agriculture sheep: the interrelationships of factors influencing frondescence assimilation and availability. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 21: 755–66

Allen-Rowlandson, T. S. 1980. The amusing and spatial organisation of the greater kudu in the Andries Vosloo Kudu Reserve, Eastern Cape. MSc thesis, Rhodes University

Anderson, E. W. & Scherzinger, R. J.. 1975. Improving affection of winter beat for elk by beasts grazing. J. Ambit Mgmt 28: 120–5

Andrew, M. H. 1988. Agriculture appulse in affiliation to livestock watering points. Trends Ecol. Evol. 3: 336–9

Arditi, R & Dacorogna, B.. 1988. Optimal foraging on approximate appliance distributions and the analogue of abode patches. Am. Nat. 131: 837–46

Arditi, R. & Ginzburg, L. R.. 1989. Coupling in predator-prey dynamics: arrangement dependence. J. Theor. Biol. 139: 311–26

Ash, A. J., McIvor, J. G., Corfield, J. P. & Winter, W. H.. 1996. How acreage action alters plant-animal relationships in Australia’s close rangelands. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 56: 77–92

Astrom, A., Lundberg, P. & Danell, K.. 1990. Partial casualty burning by browsers: copse as patches. J. Anim. Ecol. 59: 287–300

Baile, C. A. & Forbes, J. M.. 1974. Ascendancy of augment assimilation and adjustment of action antithesis in ruminants. Physiol. Rev. 54: 160–216

Bailey, D. W., Gross, J. E., Laca, E. A., Rittenhouse, L. R., Coughenour, M. B., Swift, D. M. & Sims, P. L.. 1996. Mechanisms that aftereffect in ample herbivore agriculture administration patterns. J. Ambit Mgmt 49: 386–400

Bailey, D. W., Walker, J. W. & Rittenhouse, L. R.. 1990. Sequential assay of beasts location: day to day movement patterns. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 25: 137–48

Baker, D. L. & Hobbs, N. T.. 1987. Strategies of digestion: digestive adeptness and assimilation time of beat diets in montane ungulates. Can. J. Zool. 65: 1978–84

Bartmann, R. M., G. C. White & L. H. Carpenter. 1992. Compensatory bloodshed in a Colorado mule deer population. Wildl. Monogr. No. 121, 39pp

Bednekoff, P. A. & Houston, A. I.. 1994. Optimizing fat affluence over the absolute winter: a activating model. Oikos 71: 408–15

Begon, M., J. Harper & C. Townsend. 1996. Ecology: Individuals, Populations and Communities, 3rd edition. Blackwell, Oxford

Behnke, R. H., I. Scoones & C. Kerven (eds). 1993. Ambit Anatomy at Disequilibrium. ODI Publications, London

Bell, R. H. V. 1970. The use of the assemble band by agriculture ungulates in the Serengeti. In Beastly Populations in Affiliation to their Aliment Resources, ed. A. Watson (Symp. Brit. Ecol. Soc.), pp. 111–24. Blackwell, Oxford

Bell, R. H. V. 1971. A agriculture ecosystem in the Serengeti. Scient. Am. 225: 86–93

Bellows, T. S. 1981. The anecdotic backdrop of some models for anatomy dependence. J. Anim. Ecol. 50: 139–56

Belovsky, G. E. 1978. Diet access in a generalist herbivore: the moose. Theor. Popul. Biol. 14: 105–34

Belovsky, G. E. 1984. Herbivore optimal foraging: a allusive assay of three models. Am. Nat. 124: 97–115

Belovsky, G. E. 1986. Optimal foraging and association structure: implications for a brotherhood of generalist acreage herbivores. Oecologia 70: 35–52

Belovsky, G. E. 1990. How important are comestible constraints in optimal foraging models or are spatial/temporal factors added important? In Behavioral Mechanisms of Aliment Selection, ed. R. N. Hughes, pp. 255–80. Springer-Verlag, Berlin and Heidelberg

Belovsky, G. E. 1994. How acceptable charge models and abstracts be in ecology?Oecologia 100: 475–80

Belovsky, G. E. & Schmitz, O. J.. 1993. Owen-Smith’s appraisal of herbivore foraging models: what is constraining?Evol. Ecol. 7: 525–9

Belovsky, G. E. & Slade, J. B.. 1986. Time budgets of acreage herbivores: anatomy admeasurement similarities. Oecologia 70: 53–62

Bergman, C. M., Fryxell, J. M. & Gates, C. C.. 2000. The aftereffect of tissue complication and common acme on the anatomic acknowledgment of Wood Bison. Funct. Ecol. 14: 61–9

Berryman, A. A. 1992. The origins and change of predator-prey theory. Anatomy 73: 1530–5

Berryman, A. A. 1999. Another perspectives on consumer-resource dynamics: a acknowledgment to Ginzburg. J. Anim. Ecol. 68: 1263–6

Berryman, A. A., Gutierrez, A. P. & Arditi, R.. 1995. Credible, avaricious and advantageous predator-prey models — a acknowledgment to Abrams, Gleeson and Sarnelle. Anatomy 76: 1980–5

Boggs, C. L. 1992. Adeptness allocation: exploring access amid foraging and action history. Funct. Ecol. 6: 508–18

Boomker, E. A. 1987. Fermentation and assimilation in the kudu. PhD thesis, University of Pretoria

Borner, M., FitzGibbon, C. D., Borner, M., Caro, T. M., Lindsay, W. K., Collins, D. A. & Holt, M. E.. 1987. The abatement of the Serengeti Thomson’s gazelle population. Oecologia 73: 32–40

Botkin, D. B. 1990. Discordant Harmonies. A New Anatomy for the Twenty First Century. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Bradbury, J. W., Vehrencamp, S. L., Clifton, K. E. & Clifton, L. M.. 1996. The accord amid assimilation amount and bounded beat affluence in agrarian Thomson’s gazelles. Anatomy 77: 2237–55

Brooks, P. M. & J. A. W. Macdonald. 1983. The Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Reserve: An ecological case history. In Administration of Ample Mammals in African Attention Areas, ed. R. N. Owen-Smith, pp. 51–77. Haum, Pretoria

Brown, J. H., Marquet, P. A. & Taper, M. L.. 1993. Change of anatomy size: after-effects of an active analogue of fitness. Am. Nat. 142: 573–84

Burgman, M., S. Ferson & H. R. Akcakaya. 1992. Accident Appraisal in Attention Biology. Chapman & Hall, London

Burlison, A. J., Hodgson, J. & Illius, A. W.. 1991. Common awning anatomy and the chaw ambit and chaw weight of agriculture sheep. Grass Beat Sci. 46: 29–38

Cahill, G. F. 1970. Starvation in man. New Engl. J. Med. 282: 668–75

Calder, W. A. III. 1984. Size, Action and Action History. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA

Campling, R. C. 1970. Physical adjustment of autonomous intake. In Physiology of Assimilation and Metabolism in the Ruminant, ed. A. J. Phillipson, pp. 226–34. Oriel Press, Newcastle

Case, T. J. 2000. An Illustrated Guide to Theoretical Ecology. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Caughley, G. 1970. Eruption of ungulate populations with accent on Himalayan Thar in New Zealand. Anatomy 51: 53–72

Caughley, G. 1976a. Plant-herbivore systems. In Theoretical Ecology, ed. R. M. May, pp. 94–113. Blackwell, Oxford

Caughley, G. 1976b. Wildlife administration and the dynamics of ungulate populations. In Advances in Applied Biology, Vol. 1, ed. T. H. Coaker, pp. 183–245. Academic Press, London

Caughley, G. 1976c. The albatross botheration — an another hypothesis. E. Afr. Wildl. J. 14: 265–83

Caughley, G. 1982. Frondescence complication and the dynamics of modelled agriculture systems. Oecologia 54: 309–12

Caughley, G. 1994. Directions in attention biology. J. Anim. Ecol. 63: 215–44

Caughley, G. & J. H. Lawton. 1981. Plant-herbivore systems. In Theoretical Ecology, 2nd edition, ed. R. M. May, pp. 132–66. Blackwell, Oxford

Caughley, G. & A. R. E. Sinclair. 1994. Wildlife Anatomy and Management. Blackwell, Oxford

Chan-McLeod, A. C. A., White, R. G. & Holleman, D. F.. 1994. Furnishings of protein and action intake, anatomy condition, and division on comestible administration and milk assembly in caribou and reindeer. Can. J. Zool. 72: 938–47

Chapin, F. S.. 1980. The diet of agrarian plants. A. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 11: 233–60

Charnov, E. L. 1976. Optimal foraging: advance action of a mantid. Am. Nat. 110: 141–51

Clark, C. W. 1990. Algebraic Bioeconomics. The Optimal Administration of Renewable Resources. 2nd edition. John Wiley, New York

Clark, C. W. 1993. Activating models of behavior: an addendum of action history theory. Trends Ecol. Evol. 8: 205–9

Clark, C. W. & M. Mangel. 1999. Activating Accompaniment Capricious Models in Ecology. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Clutton-Brock, T. H., Albon, S. D. & Guinness, F. E.. 1989. Fettle costs of change and lactation in agrarian mammals. Attributes 337: 260–2

Clutton-Brock, T. H., Illius, A. W., Wilson, K., Grenfell, B. T., MacColl, A. & Albon, S. D.. 1997. Adherence and alternation in ungulate populations: an empiric analysis. Am. Nat. 149: 196–219

Clutton-Brock, T. H., Major, M. & Guinness, F. E.. 1985. Citizenry adjustment in macho and changeable red deer. J. Anim. Ecol. 54: 831–46

Clutton-Brock, T. H., Price, O. F., Albon, S. D. & Jewell, P. A.. 1991. Persistent alternation and citizenry adjustment in Soay sheep. J. Anim. Ecol. 60: 593–608

Coe, M. J., Cumming, D. H. M. & Phillipson, J.. 1976. Biomass and assembly of ample herbivores in affiliation to condensate and primary production. Oecologia 22: 341–54

Coley, P. D. & Barone, J. A.. 1996. Herbivory and bulb defenses in close forests. A. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 27: 305–35

Coley, P. D., Bryant, J. P. & Chapin, F. S.. 1985. Adeptness availability and bulb anti-herbivore defense. Science 230: 895–9

Cooper, S. M. 1985. Factors influencing the appliance of coarse plants and forbs by ungulates. PhD thesis, University of the Witwatersrand

Cooper, S. M. 1990. The hunting behaviour of spotted hyenas in a arena absolute both desk and afoot prey. Afr. J. Ecol. 28: 131–41

Cooper, S. M. & Owen-Smith, N.. 1986. Furnishings of bulb spinescence on ample beastly herbivores. Oecologia 68: 446–55

Cooper, S. M., Owen-Smith, N. & Bryant, J. P.. 1988. Foliage acceptability to browsing ruminants in affiliation to melancholia changes in the blade allure of coarse plants in a South Africa savanna. Oecologia 75: 336–42

Coppock, D. L., Swift, D. M., Ellis, J. E. & Galvin, K.. 1986. Melancholia patterns of action allocation to basal metabolism, action and assembly for livestock in a drifting pastoral ecosystem. J. Agric. Sci., Camb. 107: 357–65

Coughenour, M. B. 1991. Spatial apparatus of bulb herbivore interactions in pastoral, ranching and accustomed ungulate ecosystems. J. Ambit Mgmt 44: 530–42

Coughenour, M. B. & Singer, F. J.. 1996. Elk citizenry processes in Yellowstone National Park beneath the action of accustomed regulation. Ecol. Appl. 6: 573–93

Crawley, M. J. 1983. Herbivory: The Dynamics of Animal-Plant Interactions. (Studies in Anatomy Series No. 10.) Blackwell, Oxford

Danckwerts, J. E., Aucamp, A. J. & Barnard, H. J.. 1983. Herbaceous breed another by beasts in the apocryphal thornveld of eastern Cape. Proc. Grass. Soc. Sth. Afr. 18: 89–94

Dean, W. R. J. & Macdonald, I. A. W.. 1994. Historical changes in stocking ante of calm livestock as a admeasurement of semi-arid and barren rangeland abasement in the Cape Province, South Africa. J. Barren Envir. 26: 281–98

DeAngelis, D. L. 1992. Dynamics of Comestible Cycling and Aliment Webs. Chapman & Hall, London

DeAngelis, D. L., Goldstein, R. A. & O’Neil, R. V.. 1975. A archetypal for trophic interaction. Anatomy 56: 881–92

DeAngelis, D. L. & L. J. Gross (eds). 1992. Individual-Based Models and Approaches in Ecology. Chapman & Hall, London

Detling, J. K., Parton, W. J. & Hunt, H. W.. 1979. A simulation archetypal of Bouteloua gracilis biomass dynamics on the North American shortgrass prairie. Oecologia 38: 167–91

de Vos, V., R. C. Bengis & H. J. Coetzee. 1983. Citizenry ascendancy of ample mammals in the Kruger National Park. In Administration of Ample Mammals in African Attention Areas, ed. R. N. Owen-Smith, pp. 213–31. Haum, Pretoria

Dinius, D. A. & Baumgardt, B. R.. 1970. Adjustment of aliment assimilation in ruminants: 6. Access of caloric anatomy of pelleted rations. J. Dairy Sci. 53: 311–16

Distel, R. A., Laca, E. A., Griggs, T. C. & Demment, M. W.. 1995. Appliance another by cattle: access of assimilation amount in angular amalgamate pastures. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 45: 11–21

Duncan, P. 1975. Topi and their aliment supply. PhD thesis, University of Nairobi

Duncan, P., Foose, T. J., Gordon, I. J., Gakahu, C. G. & Lloyd, M.. 1990. Allusive comestible abstraction from forages by bovids and equids: a assay of the comestible archetypal of equid/bovid antagonism and coexistence. Oecologia 84: 411–18

Dunham, K. M. 1982. The foraging behaviour of impala. S. Afr. J. Wildl. Res. 12: 36–40

Dunham, K. M. & Murray, M. G.. 1982. The fat affluence of impala. Afr. J. Ecol. 20: 81–7

du Toit, J. T. 1988. Patterns of adeptness use aural the browsing ruminant brotherhood in the axial Kruger National Park. PhD thesis, University of the Witwatersrand

Toit, J. T. & Owen-Smith, N.. 1989. Anatomy size, citizenry metabolism and abode specialization amid African ample herbivores. Am. Nat. 133: 736–40

Dyer, M. I., Turner, C. L. & Seastedt, T. R.. 1993. Herbivory and its consequences. Ecol. Applic. 3: 10–16

Edwards, G. R., Parsons, A. J., Penning, P. D. & Newman, J. A.. 1995. Accord amid frondescence accompaniment and chaw ambit of sheep agriculture allegory bulb breed and its implications for assimilation amount and diet selection. Grass Beat Sci. 50: 378–88

Ellis, J. E., & Swift, D. M.. 1988. Adherence of African pastoral ecosystems: another paradigms and implications for development. J. Ambit Mgmt 41: 450–9

Elser, J. J., Sterner, R. W., Gorokhova, E., Fagan, W. F., Markow, T. A., Cotner, J. B., Harrison, J. F., Hobbie, S. E., Odell, G. M. & Weides, L. J.. 2000. Biological stoichiometry from genes to ecosystems. Ecol. Lett. 3: 540–50

Elton, C. 1927. Beastly Ecology. Sidgwick & Jackson, London

Eltringham, S. K. 1974. Changes in the ample mammal association of Mweya Peninsula, Rwenzori National Park, afterward abatement of hippopotamus. J. Appl. Ecol. 11: 855–65

Eltringham, S. K. 1980. A quantitative appraisal of ambit acceptance by ample African mammals with accurate advertence to the furnishings of elephants on trees. Afr. J. Ecol. 18: 53–71

Farnsworth, K. D. & Illius, A. W.. 1996. Ample grazers aback in the fold: generalizing the casualty archetypal to absorb beastly herbivores. Funct. Ecol. 10: 678–80

Farnsworth, K. D. & Illius, A. W.. 1998. Optimal diet best for ample herbivores: an continued accident model. Funct. Ecol. 12: 74–81

Ferrar, A. A. & Walker, B. H.. 1974. An assay of herbivore/habitat relationships in Kyle National Park, Rhodesia. J. S. Afr. Wildl. Mgmt Ass. 4: 137–47

Finch, V. A. 1972. Thermoregulation and calefaction antithesis of the East African eland and hartebeest. Am. J. Physiol. 222: 1374–9

FitzGibbon, C. D. & Fanshawe, J. H.. 1988. Stotting in Thomson’s gazelles: an honest arresting of condition. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 23: 69–74

Forbes, T. D. A. 1988. Researching the plant-animal interface: the assay of ingestive behaviour in agriculture animals. J. Anim. Sci. 66: 2369–79

Fowler, C. W. 1981. Anatomy assurance as accompanying to action history strategy. Anatomy 62: 602–10

Fowler, C. W. 1987. A assay of anatomy assurance in populations of ample mammals. In Current Mammalogy, Vol. 1, ed. H. H. Genoways, pp. 401–41. Plenum Press, New York

Freeland, W. J. & Janzen, D. H.. 1974. Strategies in herbivory by mammals: the role of bulb accessory compounds. Am. Nat. 108: 269–89

Fretwell, S. D. 1972. Populations in a Melancholia Environment. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ

Fritz, H. & Garine-Witchatitsky, M.. 1996. Foraging in a amusing antelope: furnishings of accumulation admeasurement on foraging choices and adeptness acumen in impala. J. Anim. Ecol. 65: 736–42

Fritz, H., Garine-Witchatitsky, M. & Letessier, G.. 1996. Abode use by sympatric agrarian and calm herbivores in an African savanna woodland: the access of beasts spatial behaviour. J. Appl. Ecol. 33: 589–98

Fritz, H. & Duncan, P.. 1994. On the accustomed accommodation for ample ungulates of African savanna ecosystems. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 256: 77–82

Fryxell, J. M. 1991. Beat affection and accession by ample herbivores. Am. Nat. 138: 478–98

Fryxell, J. M., Greever, J. & Sinclair, A. R. E.. 1988. Why are afoot ungulates so abundant?Am. Nat. 131: 781–98

Fryxell, J. M. & Lundberg, P.. 1994. Diet best and predator casualty dynamics. Evol. Ecol. 8: 407–21

Fryxell, J. M. & P. Lundberg. 1998. Alone Behavior and Association Dynamics. Chapman & Hall, London

Futuyma, D. J. 1979. Evolutionary Biology. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA

Gaillard, J. M., Festa-Bianchet, M., Yoccoz, N. G. & Loison, A.. 2000. Banausic aberration in basic ante and citizenry dynamics of ample herbivores. A. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 31: 367–93

Gallivan, G. I., Culverwell, J. & Girdwood, R.. 1995. Anatomy action indices of impala: aftereffect of age class, sex, division and management. S. Afr. J. Wildl. Res. 25: 23–31

Garten, C. T. Jr., 1978. Multivariate perspectives on the anatomy of bulb mineral aspect composition. Am. Nat. 112: 533–44

Geist, V. 1974. On the accord of amusing change and anatomy in ungulates. Am. Zool. 14: 205–20

Gerhart, K. L., White, R. G., Cameron, R. D. & Russell, D. E.. 1996. Anatomy agreement and comestible affluence of chill caribou. Can. J. Zool. 74: 136–46

Getz, W. M. 1984. Citizenry dynamics: a per-capita adeptness approach. J. Theor. Biol. 108: 623–43

Getz, W. M. 1991. A unified access to multispecies modelling. Natur. Res. Model. 5: 393–421

Getz, W. M. 1993. Metaphysiological and evolutionary dynamics of populations base connected and alternate resources: r-K another revisited. Evol. Ecol. 7: 287–305

Getz, W. M. 1994. A metaphysiological access to modelling ecological populations and communities. In Frontiers in Algebraic Biology, ed. S. A. Levin, pp. 411–42. Springer-Verlag, Berlin

Getz, W. M. & Owen-Smith, N.. 1999. A metaphysiological citizenry archetypal of accumulator in capricious environments. Natur. Res. Model. 12: 197–230

Giesecke, D. & Gylswyk, N. O.. 1975. A abstraction of agriculture types and assertive rumen functions in six breed of South African agrarian ruminants. J. Agric. Sci., Camb. 85: 75–83

Gillard, P. & Monypenny, R.. 1990. A accommodation abutment archetypal to appraise the furnishings of aridity and stocking amount on beef beasts backdrop in Arctic Australia. Agric. Syst. 34: 37–52

Gillingham, M. P., Parker, K. L. & Hanley, T. A.. 1997. Beat assimilation by atramentous tailed deer in a accustomed environment: bender dynamics. Can. J. Zool. 75: 1118–28

Ginnett, T. F., Dankosky, J. A., Deo, G. & Demment, M. W.. 1999. Appliance abasement in grazers: the roles of biomass administration and antithesis stems. Funct. Ecol. 13: 37–44

Ginnett, T. F. & Demment, M. W.. 1995. The anatomic acknowledgment of herbivores: assay and assay of a simple mechanistic model. Funct. Ecol. 9: 376–84

Ginnett, T. F. & Demment, M. W.. 1997. Sex differences in giraffe foraging behaviour at two scales. Oecologia 110: 291–300

Ginzburg, L. R. 1998. Assuming reproduction to be a action of burning raises doubts about some accepted predator-prey models. J. Anim. Ecol. 67: 325–7

Gleeson, S. K. 1995. Anatomy assurance is bigger than arrangement dependence. Anatomy 75: 1834–5

Goddard, J. 1968. Aliment preferences of two atramentous rhinoceros populations. E. Afr. Wildl. J. 6: 1–18

Gordon, I. J. 1988. Abetment of red deer agriculture by beasts and its appulse on red deer performance. J. Appl. Ecol. 25: 1–10

Gordon, I. J. & Illius, A. W.. 1988. Incisor arcade anatomy and diet another in ruminants. Funct. Ecol. 2: 15–22

Gordon, I. J. & Illius, A. W.. 1994. The anatomic acceptation of the browser-grazer dichotomy in African ruminants. Oecologia 98: 167–75

Gotelli, N. J. 1995. A Primer of Ecology. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA

Greenwood, G. B. & Demment, M. W.. 1988. The aftereffect of abnegation on concise beasts agriculture behaviour. Grass Beat Sci. 43: 377–86

Grenfell, B. T. 1992. Parasitism and the dynamics of agriculture systems. Am. Nat. 139: 907–29

Grenfell, B. T., Price, O. F., Albon, S. D. & Clutton-Brock, T. H.. 1992. Overcompensation and citizenry cycles in an ungulate. Attributes 355: 823–6

Grenfell, B. T., Wilson, K., Finkenstadt, B. F., Coulson, T. N., Murray, S., Albon, S. D., Pemberton, J. M., Clutton-Brock, T. H. & Crawley, M. J.. 1998. Noise and determinism in synchronized sheep dynamics. Attributes 394: 674–7

Grime, J. P. 1977. Affirmation for the actuality of three primary strategies in plants and its appliance to ecological and evolutionary theory. Am. Nat. 111: 1169–94

Gross, J. E., Alkon, O. V. & Demment, M. W.. 1996. Comestible anatomy of dimorphic herbivores: assimilation and access ante in Nubian ibex. Oecologia 102: 170–8

Grossman, D., P. L. Holden & R. F. H. Collinson. 1999. Veld administration on the bold ranch. In Veld Administration in South Africa, ed. N. M. Tainton, pp. 261–79. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg

Grunow, J. O., Groeneveld, H. T. & Toit, H. C.. 1980. Above arena dry amount dynamics of the grass band in the Nylsvley timberline savanna. J. Ecol. 68: 877–89

Gulland, F. M. D. 1992. Role of nematode infections in bloodshed of Soay sheep during a citizenry blast on St. Kilda. Parasitology 105: 493–503

Gurney, W. S. C. & R. M. Nisbet. 1998. Ecological Dynamics. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Gustafson, L. L., Franklin, W. L., Sarno, R. J., Hunter, R. L., Young, K. M., Johnson, W. E. & Behl, M. J.. 1998. Predicting aboriginal bloodshed of bairn guanaco by bearing accumulation and haematological parameters: a conditional model. J. Wildl. Mgmt 62: 24–35

Hagerman, A. E., Robbins, C. T., Weerasuriya, Y., Wilson, T. C. & McArthur, C.. 1992. Tannin allure in affiliation to digestion. J. Ambit Mgmt 45: 57–62

Hairston, N. G., Smith, F. E. & Slobodkin, L. B.. 1960. Association structure, citizenry ascendancy and competition. Am. Nat. 94: 421–5

Hamilton, E. W., Giovannini, M. S., Moses, S. A., Coleman, J. S. & McNaughton, S. J.. 1998. Biomass and mineral aspect responses of a Serengeti short-grass breed to nitrogen accumulation and defoliation: advantage requires a analytical [N]. Oecologia 116: 407–18

Hammond, K. A. & Diamond, J.. 1997. Maximal abiding action budgets in bodies and animals. Attributes 386: 457–62

Hanley, T. A. 1997. A comestible appearance of compassionate and complication in the botheration of diet another by deer (Cervidae). Oikos 79: 209–18

Hanski, J. 1989. Metapopulation dynamics: does it advice to accept added of the same?Trends Ecol. Evol. 4: 113–14

Hanski, J. 1999. Metapopulation Ecology. Oxford University Press

Hanson, J. D., Parton, W. J. & Innis, G. S.. 1985. Bulb advance and assembly of acreage ecosystems: a allegory of modelling approaches. Ecol. Model. 29: 131–44

Hansson, L., L. Fahrig & G. Merriam (eds). 1995. Mosaic Landscapes and Ecological Processes. Chapman & Hall, London

Hardy, M. B., C. R. Hurt & O. J. H. Bosch. 1999. Veld action assessment. Grassveld. In Veld Administration in South Africa, ed. N. M. Tainton, pp. 194–206. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg

Harper, J. L. 1977. Citizenry Assay of Plants. Academic Press, London and New York

Hassell, M. P., Lawton, J. H. & May, R. M.. 1976. Patterns of dynamical behaviour in single-species populations. J. Anim. Ecol. 45: 471–86

Hastings, A. 1997. Citizenry Biology. Concepts and Models. Springer-Verlag, New York

Hatch, G. P. & Stafford Smith, D. M.. 1997. The bioeconomic implications of assorted aridity administration strategies for a common beasts assemblage in a semi-arid savanna of KwaZulu-Natal. Afr. J. Ambit Beat Sci. 14: 17–25

Heady, H. F. & R. D. Child. 1994. Rangeland Anatomy and Management. Westview Press, Boulder, CO

Heitschmidt, R. K. & J. W. Stuth (eds). 1991. Agriculture Management: An Ecological Perspective. Timber Press, Portland, OR

Herbers, J. M. 1981. Time assets and apathy in animals. Oecologia 49: 252–62

Hewison, A. J. M., Angibault, J. M., Boutin, J., Bideau, E., Vincent, J. P. & Sempere, A.. 1996. Annual aberration in anatomy agreement of roe deer in abstinent anatomy conditions. Can. J. Zool. 74: 245–53

Hik, D. S. 1995. Does accident of predation access citizenry dynamics? Affirmation from the circadian abatement of snowshoe hares. Wildl. Res. 22: 115–29

Hirakawa, H. 1997. Assimilation — accountable optimal foraging in generalist beastly herbivores. Oikos 78: 37–47

Hobbs, N. T. 1990. Diet another by generalist herbivores: a assay of the beeline programming model. In Behavioural Mechanisms of Aliment Selection, ed. R. N. Hughes, pp. 395–413. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg

Hobbs, N. T., Baker, D. L., Bear, G. D. & Bowden, D. C.. 1996a. Ungulate agriculture in sagebrush grassland: mechanisms of adeptness competition. Ecol. Applic. 6: 200–17

Hobbs, N. T., Baker, D. L., Bear, G. D. & Bowden, D. C.. 1996b. Ungulate agriculture in sagebrush grassland: furnishings of adeptness antagonism on accessory production. Ecol. Applic. 6: 218–27

Hodgson, J. & A. W. Illius. 1996. The Anatomy and Administration of Agriculture Systems. CAB International, Wallingford

Hofmann, R. R. 1973. The Ruminant Stomach. (East Afr. Monogr. Biol. Vol. 2.) East African Literature Bureau, Nairobi

Hofmann, R. R. 1989. Evolutionary accomplish of ecophysiological adjustment and about-face of ruminants: A allusive assay of their digestive system. Oecologia 78: 443–57

Holland, O. 1992. Melancholia aberration in anatomy agreement of European roe deer. Can. J. Zool. 70: 502–4

Holling, C. S. 1959. Some characteristics of simple types of predation and parasitism. Can. Entomol. 91: 385–98

Holling, C. S. 1965. The anatomic acknowledgment of predators to casualty anatomy and its role in assuming and citizenry regulation. Mem. Entomol. Soc. Can. 45: 1–60

Houston, A. J. & J. M. McNamara. 1999. Models of Adaptive Behaviour. An Access Based on State. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Houston, A. J., Welton, N. J. & McNamara, J. M.. 1997. Acquisition and aliment costs in the abiding adjustment of aerial fat reserves. Oikos 78: 331–40

Hudson, R. J. & Frank, S.. 1987. Foraging anatomy of bison in aspen algid habitats. J. Ambit Mgmt 40: 71–5

Hudson, R. J. & Watkins, W. G.. 1986. Foraging ante of wapiti on blooming and convalescent pastures. Can. J. Zool. 64: 1705–8

Huff, D. E. & Varley, J. D.. 1999. Accustomed adjustment in Yellowstone National Park’s arctic range. Ecol. Applic. 9: 17–29

Hungate, R. E. 1975. The rumen microbial ecosystem. A. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 6: 39–66

Hunter, M. D., T. Ohgushi & P. W. Price. 1992. Furnishings of Adeptness Administration on Animal-Plant Interactions. Academic Press, London and New York

Hunter, M. D. & Price, P. W.. 1992. Playing chutes and ladders: adverse and the about roles of bottom-up and top-down armament in accustomed communities. Anatomy 73: 724–32

Hutchinson, G. E. 1958. Concluding remarks. Algid Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 22: 415–27

Hutchinson, G. E. 1959. Homage to Santa Rosalia, or why are there so abounding kinds of animals?Am. Nat. 93: 145–59

Illius, A. W. & Gordon, I. J.. 1987. The allometry of aliment assimilation in agriculture ruminants. J. Anim. Ecol. 56: 989–99

Illius, A. W. & Gordon, I. J.. 1991. Anticipation of assimilation and assimilation in ruminants by a archetypal of rumen kinetics amalgam beastly admeasurement and bulb characteristics. J. Agric. Sci., Cambr. 116: 145–57

Illius, A. W. & Gordon, I. J.. 1992. Modelling the comestible anatomy of ungulate herbivores: change of anatomy admeasurement and aggressive ability. Oecologia 89: 428–34

Illius, A. W. & I. J. Gordon. 1998. Ascent up from anatomic acknowledgment to after acknowledgment in bearcat herbivores. In Herbivores, Plants and Predators, ed. H. Olff, V. K. Brown & R. T. Drent, pp. 397–427. Blackwell Science, Oxford

Illius, A. W., Gordon, I. J., Elston, D. A. & Milne, J. D.. 1999. Diet another in goats: a assay of intake-rate maximization. Anatomy 80: 1008–18

Illius, A. W. & Jessop, N. S.. 1995. Modelling metabolic costs of allelochemical assimilation by foraging ungulates. J. Chem. Ecol. 21: 693–719

Illius, A. W. & Jessop, N. S.. 1996. Metabolic constraints on autonomous assimilation in ruminants. J. Anim. Sci. 74: 3052–62

Illius, A. W. & O’Connor, T. G.. 1999. On the appliance of nonequilibrium concepts to barren and semi-arid agriculture systems. Ecol. Applic. 9: 798–813

Illius, A. W. & O’Connor, T. G.. 2000. Adeptness adverse and ungulate citizenry dynamics. Oikos 89: 283–94

Irby, L. R. 1977. Aliment habits of Chandler’s affluence reedbuck in a Rift Valley ranch. E. Afr. Wildl. J. 15: 289–94

Ivlev, V. S. 1961. Beginning Anatomy of the Agriculture of Fishes. Yale University Press, New Haven, MA

James, C. D., Landsberg, J. & Morton, S. R.. 1999. Provision of watering credibility in the Australian Barren zone: a assay of furnishings on biota. J. Barren Envir. 41: 87–121

Janis, C. 1976. The evolutionary action of the Equidae and the origins of rumen and cecal digestion. Change 30: 757–76

Jarman, P. J. 1971. Diets of ample mammals in the woodlands about Lake Kariba. Oecologia 8: 157–78

Jarman, P. J. 1974. The amusing alignment of antelope in affiliation to their ecology. Behaviour 48: 215–67

Jeschke, J. M., Kopp, M. & Tollrian, R.. 2001. Predator anatomic responses: acute amid administration and digesting prey. Ecology. (In press.)

Jiang, Z. & Hudson, R. J.. 1992. Estimating beat assimilation and action requirements of free-ranging wapiti. Can. J. Zool. 70: 675–79

Jiang, Z. & Hudson, R. J.. 1993. Optimal agriculture of wapiti on grassland: appliance and agriculture base abandonment rules. Evol. Ecol. 7: 488–98

Jiang, Z. & Hudson, R. J.. 1994. Chaw characteristics of wapiti in melancholia Bromus-Poa swards. J. Ambit Mgmt 47: 127–32

Jones, R. J. & Sandland, R. L.. 1974. The affiliation amid beastly accretion and stocking rate: ancestry of the affiliation from the after-effects of agriculture trials. J. Agric. Sci., Cambr. 83: 335–41

Joos-Vandewalle, M. E. 2000. Movement of afoot adjudicator and wildebeest in arctic Botswana. PhD thesis, University of the Witwatersrand

Jorgenson, J. T., Festa-Bianchet, M., Gaillard, J.-M. & Wishart, W. D.. 1997. Furnishings of age, sex, ache and anatomy on adaptation of bighorn sheep. Anatomy 78: 1019–32

Joubert, D. M. 1954. The access of winter comestible depressions on the growth, reproduction and assembly of cattle. J. Agric. Sci., Cambr. 44: 5–66

Judson, O. P. 1994. The acceleration of the alone based archetypal in ecology. Trends Ecol. Evol. 9: 9–14

Kaufmann, S. A. 1993. The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Another in Evolution. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Kaufmann, S. A. 1995. At Home in the Universe. The Chase for the Laws of Complexity. Oxford University Press, New York

Kemeny, J. G. & T. E. Kurtz. 1990. True BASIC. A Powerful Structured Language Arrangement by the Original Authors of BASIC. True BASIC Inc., West Lebanon, NH

Klein, D. R. 1968. The introduction, access and blast of reindeer on St. Matthew Island. J. Wildl. Mgmt 32: 350–67

Kooijman, S. A. L. M. 1990. Biomass about-face at the citizenry level. In Individual-Based Models and Approaches in Ecology, ed. D. L. DeAngelis & L. J. Gross, pp. 338–58. Chapman & Hall, New York and London

Kooijman, S. A. L. M. 1993. Activating Action Budgets in Biological Systems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Krebs, J. R. & R. H. McLeery. 1984. Access in behavioural ecology. In Behavioural Ecology. An Evolutionary Approach, ed. J. R. Krebs & N. B. Davies, 2nd edn., pp. 91–21. Blackwell, Oxford

Krebs, C. J., A. R. E. Sinclair, R. Boonstra, S. Boutin, K. Martin & J. N. M. Smith. 1998. Association dynamics of bearcat herbivores: how can we untangle the web? In Herbivores: Amid Plants and Predators, ed. H. Olff, V. K. Brown & R. H. Drent, pp. 447–73. Blackwell Science, Oxford

Kruuk, H. 1972. The Spotted Hyena. University of Chicago Press, Chicago

Laca, E. A. & M. W. Demment. 1991. Herbivory: the bind of foraging in a spatially amalgamate aliment environment. In Bulb Defences Against Beastly Herbivory, ed. R. T. Palo & C. T. Robbins. pp. 29–44. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL

Laca, E. A. & M. W. Demment. 1993. Modelling assimilation of a agriculture ruminant in a amalgamate environment. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on Vegetation-Herbivore Relationships, ed. T. Okubo, B. Hubest & G. Arnold, pp. 57–76. Academic Press, London

Laca, E. A. & M. W. Demment. 1996. Foraging strategies of agriculture animals. In The Anatomy and Administration of Agriculture Systems, ed. J. Hodgson & A. W. Illius, pp. 137–58. CAB International, Wallingford, UK

Laca, E. A., Distel, R. A., Griggs, T. C. & Demment, M. W.. 1994a. Furnishings of awning anatomy on appliance abasement by grazers. Anatomy 75: 706–16

Laca, E. A., R. A. Distel, T. C. Griggs, G. Deo & M. W. Demment. 1993. Field assay of optimal foraging with cattle: the bordering amount assumption auspiciously predicts appliance another and utilisation. Proc. XVII Int. Grassl. Congr., pp. 709–10

Laca, E. A., Ungar, E. D. & Demment, M. W.. 1994b. Apparatus of administration time and assimilation amount of a ample beastly grazer. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 39: 3–19

Laca, E. A., Ungar, E. D., Seligman, N. & Demment, M. W.. 1992. Furnishings of common acme and aggregate anatomy on chaw ambit of beasts agriculture constant swards. Grass Beat Sci. 47: 91–102

Lange, R. T. 1969. The piosphere: sheep clue and dung patterns. J. Ambit Mgmt 22: 396–400

Langvatn, R. & Hanley, T. A.. 1993. Agriculture appliance best by red deer in affiliation to foraging efficiency. Oecologia 95: 164–70

Laws, R. M. & Parker, I. S. C.. 1968. Contempo studies on albatross populations in East Africa. Symp. Zool. Soc., Lond. No. 21, pp. 319–59

Lechner-Doll, M., Rutagwenda, T., Schwartz, H. J., Schultka, W. & Engelhardt, W. v.. 1990. Melancholia changes of assimilation beggarly assimilation time and forestomach aqueous aggregate in aboriginal camels, cattle, sheep and goats agriculture a thornbush savannah affirmation in Kenya. J. Agric. Sci., Cambr. 115: 409–20

Ledger, H. P. 1968. Anatomy agreement as a base for a allusive abstraction of some East African mammals. In Allusive Diet of Agrarian Animals, ed. M. A. Crawford (Symp. Zool. Soc., Lond. No. 21), pp. 289–310

Leirs, H., Stenseth, N. C., Nicholl, J. D., Hines, J. E., Verhagen, R. & Verhagen, W.. 1997. Stochastic seasonality and nonlinear density-dependent factors adapt citizenry admeasurement in an African rodent. Attributes 389: 176–80

Lemaire, G. & D. Chapman. 1996. Tissue flows in aching bulb communities. In The Anatomy and Administration of Agriculture Systems, ed. J. Hodgson & A. W. Illius, pp. 3–36. CAB International, Wallingford, UK

Loison, A., Festa-Bianchet, M., Gaillard, J.-M., Jorgenson, J. T. & Jullien, J.-M.. 1999. Age-specific adaptation in bristles populations of ungulates: affirmation of senescence. Anatomy 80: 2539–54

Lotka, A. J. 1925. Elements of Algebraic Biology. Dover, New York

Lott, D. F. 1991. Intraspecific Aberration in the Amusing Systems of Agrarian Vertebrates. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Low, W. A., Dudzinski, M. L. & Miller, W. J.. 1981. The access of beat and acute altitude on ambit association preferences of beasts beasts in axial Australia. J. Appl. Ecol. 18: 11–26

Ludwig, D., Hilborn, R. & Walters, C.. 1993. Uncertainty, adeptness exploitation, and conservation: acquaint from history. Science 260: 17–36

Mangel, M. & C. W. Clark. 1988. Activating Modelling in Behavioral Ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ

Manser, M. B. & Brotherton, P. N. M.. 1995. Anatomy constraints on the foraging behaviour of a dwarf antelope. Oecologia 102: 404–12

Martin, R. B., G. C. Craig & V. R. Booth. 1989. Albatross Administration in Zimbabwe. Department of National Parks & Agrarian Action Management, Harare, Zimbabwe

May, R. M. 1973. Adherence and Complication in Archetypal Ecosystems. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ

May, R. M. 1981. Models for distinct populations. In Theoretical Ecology, ed. R. M. May, pp. 5–29. Blackwell, Oxford

May, R. & Oster, G.. 1976. Bifurcations and activating complication in simple ecological models. Am. Nat. 110: 573–99

Maynard Smith, J. & Slatkin, M.. 1973. The adherence of predator-prey systems. Anatomy 54: 384–91

McCabe, J. T. 1987. Aridity and recovery: Livestock dynamics amid the Ngisonyoka Turkana of Kenya. Human Ecol. 15: 317–29

McCullough, D. R. 1992. Concepts of ample herbivore citizenry dynamics. In Wildlife 2001. Populations, ed. D. R. McCullough & R. H. Barrett, pp. 967–84. Elsevier, London

McCullough, D. R. 1997. Irruptive behavior in ungulates. In The Science of Overabundance, Deer Anatomy and Citizenry Management, ed. W. J. McShea, H. B. Underwood & J. H. Rappole, pp. 69–99. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC

McLeod, S. R. 1997. Is the abstraction of accustomed accommodation advantageous in capricious environments?Oikos 79: 529–42

McNamara, J. M. & Houston, A. I.. 1987a. Partial preferences and foraging. Anim. Behav. 35: 1084–99

McNamara, J. M. & Houston, A. I.. 1987b. Starvation and predation as factors attached citizenry size. Anatomy 68: 1515–19

McNamara, J. M. & Houston, A. I.. 1990. The amount of fat affluence and the accommodation amid starvation and predation. Acta Biotheor. 38: 37–61

McNamara, J. M. & Houston, A. I.. 1996. State-dependent action histories. Attributes 380: 215–21

McNaughton, S. J. 1976. Serengeti afoot wildebeest: abetment of action breeze by grazing. Science 191: 92–3

McNaughton, S. J. 1979a. Agriculture as an access process: grass-ungulate relationships in the Serengeti. Am. Nat. 113: 691–703

McNaughton, S. J. 1979b. Acreage herbivore dynamics. In Serengeti: Dynamics of an Ecosystem, ed. A. R. E. Sinclair & M. Norton-Griffiths, pp. 46–81. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL

McNaughton, S. J. 1983. Compensatory bulb advance as a acknowledgment to herbivory. Oikos 40: 329–36

McNaughton, S. J. 1984. Agriculture lawns: animals in herds, bulb anatomy and coevolution. Am. Nat. 124: 863–86

McNaughton, S. J., Banyikwa, F. F. & McNaughton, M. M.. 1997. Promotion of the cycling of diet-enhancing nutrients by African grazers. Science 278: 1798–800

McNaughton, S. J., Banyikwa, F. F. & McNaughton, M. M.. 1998. Root biomass and affluence in a agriculture ecosystem: the Serengeti. Anatomy 79: 587–92

Mduma, S. A. R., Sinclair, A. R. E. & Hilborn, R.. 1999. Aliment regulates the Serengeti wildebeest: a 40-year record. J. Anim. Ecol. 68: 1101–22

Meissner, H. H. & Paulsmeier, D. V.. 1995. Bulb agreement affecting between-plant and beastly breed anticipation of beat intake. J. Anim. Sci. 73: 2447–57

Meissner, H. H., P. J. K. Zacharias & P. J. O’Reagain. 1999. Beat affection (feed value). In Veld Administration in South Africa, ed. N. M. Tainton, pp. 139–68. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg

Mentis, M. T. 1981. Acceptability and palatability. In Veld and Affirmation Administration in South Africa, ed. N. M. Tainton, pp. 186–91. Shuter & Shooter, Pietermaritzburg

Mertens, D. R. 1977. Comestible cilia components: relationships to the amount and admeasurement of ruminal digestion. Fedn Am. Socs. Exp. Biol. 36: 187–92

Mertens, D. R. 1987. Predicting assimilation and digestibility appliance algebraic models of rumen function. J. Anim. Sci. 64: 1548–58

Messier, F. 1994. Ungulate citizenry models with predation: a case abstraction with North American moose. Anatomy 75: 478–88

Messier, F. 1995. Trophic alternation in two arctic wolf-ungulate systems. Wildl. Res. 22: 131–46

Metz, J. A. J. & O. Dieckmann. 1986. The Dynamics of Physiologically Structured Populations. Springer-Verlag, New York

Milinski, M. & G. Parker. 1991. Antagonism for resources. In Behavioural Ecology. An Evolutionary Approach, 3rd edn, ed. J. R. Krebs & N. B. Davies, pp. 137–68. Blackwell, Oxford

Miller, M. F. 1996. Dispersal of Acacia seeds by ungulates and ostriches in an African savanna. J. Trop. Ecol. 12: 345–56

Mills, M. G. L., Biggs, H. C. & Whyte, I. J.. 1995. The accord amid rainfall, bobcat predation and citizenry trends in African herbivores. Wildl. Res. 22: 75–88

Milne, J. A., MacRae, J. C., Spence, A. M. & Wilson, S.. 1976. Assimilation and assimilation of hill-land frondescence by the red deer and the sheep. Attributes 263: 763–4

Milner, C. & D. Gwynne. 1974. The Soay sheep and their aliment supply. In Island Survivors. The Anatomy of the Soay Sheep of St. Kilda, ed. P. A. Jewell, C. Milner & J. Morton Boyd, pp. 273–325. Athlone Press, University of London

Milner, J. M., Albon, S. D., Illius, A. W., Pemberton, J. M. & Clutton-Brock, T. H.. 1999a. Repeated another of morphometric ancestry in the Soay sheep on St. Kilda. J. Anim. Ecol. 68: 472–88

Milner, J. M., Elston, D. A. & Albon, S. D.. 1999b. Estimating the contributions of citizenry anatomy and acute fluctuations to interannual aberration in adaptation of Soay sheep. J. Anim. Ecol. 68: 1235–47

Milner-Gulland, E. J. & R. Mace. 1998. Attention of Biological Resources. Blackwell Science, Oxford

Moen, A. N. 1973. Wildlife Ecology. Freeman, San Francisco

Molvar, E. M., Bowyer, R. T. & Ballenbergh, V.. 1993. Moose herbivory, browse affection and comestible cycling in an Alaskan treeline community. Oecologia 94: 472–9

Morton Boyd, J. 1974. Introduction. In Island Survivors. The Anatomy of the Soay Sheep of St Kilda, ed. P. A. Jewell, C. Milner & J. Morton Boyd, pp. 1–7. Athlone Press, University of London

Mrosovsky, N. & Prowley, T. L.. 1977. Set credibility for anatomy weight and fat. Behav. Biol. 20: 205–23

Murray, M. G. 1993. Allusive diet of wildebeest, hartebeest and topi in the Serengeti. Afr. J. Ecol. 31: 172–7

Murray, M. G. & Brown, D.. 1993. Niche break of agriculture ungulates in the Serengeti: an beginning test. J. Anim. Ecol. 62: 380–9

Murray, M. G. & A. W. Illius. 1996. Multispecies agriculture in the Serengeti. In The Anatomy and Administration of Agriculture Systems, ed. J. Hodgson & A. W. Illius, pp. 247–72. CAB International, Wallingford, UK

Murray, M. G. & Illius, A. W.. 2000. Frondescence modification and adeptness antagonism in agriculture ungulates. Oikos 89: 501–8

Newman, J. A., Parsons, A. J. & Harvey, A.. 1993. Not all sheep adopt clover: diet another revisited. J. Agric. Sci., Cambr. 119: 275–83

Nicolis G. & I. Prigogine. 1977. Self-organization in Non-equilibrium Systems. Wiley, New York

Novellie, P. A. 1978. Allegory of the foraging strategies of blesbok and springbok on the Transvaal highveld. S. Afr. J. Wildl. Res. 8: 137–44

Novellie, P. 1990. Abode use by aboriginal agriculture ungulates in affiliation to common anatomy and veld condition. J. Grassl. Soc. Sth. Afr. 7: 16–23

Noy-Meir, I. 1975. Adherence of agriculture systems: an appliance of predator-prey graphs. J. Ecol. 63: 459–81

Noy-Meir, I. 1978. Agriculture and assembly in melancholia pastures: assay of a simple model. J. Appl. Ecol. 15: 809–35

O’Connor, T. G. 1991. Bounded afterlife in abiding grasslands: a action history approach. Am. Nat. 137: 753–73

Oftedal, O. T. 1984. Milk composition, milk crop and action achievement at aiguille lactation. In Lactation Strategies. (Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond. No. 51), pp. 33–85

Oksanen, L., Moen, J. & Lundberg, P. A.. 1992. The time-scale botheration in exploiter-victim models: does the band-aid lie in ratio-dependent exploitation?Am. Nat. 140: 938–60

Oliver, M. D. N., Short, N. R. M. & Hanks, J.. 1978. Citizenry anatomy of oribi, blah rhebuck and affluence reedbuck in Highmoor Accompaniment Backwoods Land, Natal. S. Afr. J. Wildl. Res. 8: 95–105

O’Reagain, P. J. 1993. Bulb anatomy and the acceptability of altered grasses to sheep. J. Ambit Mgmt 46: 232–6

O’Reagain, P. J. 1994. The aftereffect of common anatomy and breed agreement on comestible affection and assimilation in beasts and sheep agriculture the Dohne sourveld. PhD thesis, University of the Witwatersrand

O’Reagain, P. J. 2001. Foraging strategies on rangelands: Furnishings of assimilation and beastly performance. In Proceedings of the XIX International Acreage Congress, Sao Pedro, Brazil, Feb. 2001, ed. J. A. Gomide, W. R. S. Mattos and S. C. da Silva, pp. 277–84. Brazilian Society of Beastly Production, Sao Paulo, Brazil

O’Reagain, P. J., Goetsch, B. C. & Owen-Smith, R. N.. 1995. Ruminal abasement characteristics of some African rangeland grasses. J. Agric. Sci., Cambr. 125: 189–97

O’Reagain, P. J., Goetsch, B. C. & Owen-Smith, R. N.. 1996. Aftereffect of breed agreement and common anatomy on the ingestive behaviour of beasts and sheep agriculture South African sourveld. J. Agric. Sci., Cambr. 127: 271–80

O’Reagain, P. J. & Grau, E. R.. 1995. Sequence of breed another by beasts and sheep on South African sourveld. J. Ambit Mgmt 48: 314–21

O’Reagain, P. J. & Mentis, M. T.. 1989a. Sequence and action of breed another by beasts in affiliation to optimal foraging access in an old acreage in the Natal Sour Sandveld. J. Grassl. Soc. Sth. Afr. 6: 71–6

O’Reagain, P. J. & Mentis, M. T.. 1989b. The aftereffect of bulb anatomy on the acceptability of altered grass breed to cattle. J. Grassl. Soc. Sth. Afr. 6: 163–70

O’Reagain, P. J. & Mentis, M. J.. 1990. The furnishings of veld action on the affection of diet called by beasts agriculture the Natal Sour Sandveld. J. Grassl. Soc. Sth. Afr. 7: 190–5

O’Reagain, P. J. & Owen-Smith, R. N.. 1996. Aftereffect of breed agreement and common anatomy on comestible affection in beasts and sheep agriculture South Africa sourveld. J. Agric. Sci., Cambr. 127: 261–70

O’Reagain, P. J. & J. Schwartz. 1995. Comestible another and foraging strategies of animals on rangeland. Coping with spatial and banausic variability. In Contempo Developments in the Diet of Herbivores (Proceedings of IV International Symposium on the Diet of Herbivores), ed. M. Journet, E. Grenet, M.-H. Farce, M. Thierez & C. Demarquilly, pp. 407–23. INRA Editions, Paris

Orians, G. H. & N. E. Pearson. 1979. On the access of axial abode foraging. In Assay of Ecological Systems, ed. D. J. Horn, R. D. Mitchell & G. R. Stairs, pp. 154–77. Ohio Accompaniment University Press, Columbus

Owen-Smith, N. 1973. The behavioural anatomy of the white rhinoceros. PhD thesis, University of Wisconsin

Owen-Smith, N. 1974. The amusing arrangement of the white rhinoceros. In The Behaviour of Ungulates and Its Affiliation to Administration (IUCN Public., NS No. 24) ed. V. Geist & F. Walther, pp. 341–51. IUCN, Morges

Owen-Smith, N. 1975. The amusing ethology of the white rhinoceros. Z. Tierpsychol. 38: 337–84

Owen-Smith, N. 1979. Assessing the beat adeptness of a ample herbivore, the kudu. S. Afr. J. Wildl. Res. 9: 102–10

Owen-Smith, N. 1981. The white rhinoceros bottleneck problem, and a proposed solution. In Problems in Administration of Locally Abounding Agrarian Mammals, ed. P. A. Jewell, S. Holt & D. Hart, pp. 129–50. Academic Press, New York

Owen-Smith, N. 1982. Factors influencing the burning of bulb articles by ample herbivores. In The Anatomy of Close Savannas, ed. B. J. Huntley & B. H. Walker, pp. 359–404. Springer-Verlag, Berlin and Hamburg

Owen-Smith, N. 1983. Dispersal and the dynamics of ample herbivore populations in amid areas. In Administration of Ample Mammals in African Attention Areas, ed. R. N. Owen-Smith, pp. 127–43. Haum, Pretoria

Owen-Smith, N. 1985. Niche break amid African ungulates. In Breed and Speciation, ed. E. S. Vrba (Transvaal Museum Monograph No. 4), pp. 167–71

Owen-Smith, R. N. 1988. Megaherbivores. The Access of Very Ample Anatomy Admeasurement on Ecology. (Cambridge Studies in Ecology). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Owen-Smith, N. 1989. Megafaunal extinctions: the attention bulletin from 11 000 years BP. Cons. Biol. 3: 405–12

Owen-Smith, N. 1990. Demography of a ample herbivore, the greater kudu, in affiliation to rainfall. J. Anim. Ecol. 59: 893–913

Owen-Smith, N. 1991. Veld action and beastly performance: appliance of an optimal foraging model. J. Grassl. Soc. Sth. Afr. 8: 77–81

Owen-Smith, N. 1993a. Evaluating optimal diet models for an African browsing ruminant, the kudu: how acute are the affected constraints?Evol. Ecol. 7: 499–524

Owen-Smith, N. 1993b. Allusive bloodshed ante of macho and changeable kudus: the costs of beastly admeasurement dimorphism. J. Anim. Ecol. 62: 428–40

Owen-Smith, N. 1993c. Age, size, ascendancy and reproduction amid macho kudus: alliance accessory by abrasion of rivals. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 32: 177–84

Owen-Smith, N. 1994. Foraging responses of kudus to melancholia changes in aliment resources: animation in constraints. Anatomy 75: 1050–62

Owen-Smith, N. 1996a. Ecological guidelines for waterpoints in all-encompassing adequate areas. S. Afr. J. Wildl. Res. 26: 107–12

Owen-Smith, N. 1996b. Circularity in beeline programming models of optimal diet. Oecologia 108: 259–61

Owen-Smith, N. 1997. Ascendancy of action antithesis by a agrarian ungulate, the kudu, through adaptive foraging behaviour. Proc. Nutr. Soc. 56: 15–24

Owen-Smith, N. 1998a. How aerial ambient temperature affects the circadian action and foraging time of a subtropical ungulate, the greater kudu. J. Zool., Lond. 246: 183–92

Owen-Smith, N. 1998b. Dynamics of herbivore-vegetation systems and the overgrazing issue. In Common Rangelands in Southern Africa: A Synthesis of Knowledge. Proceedings of a Symposium on Policy-making for the Sustainable Use of Southern African Common Rangelands, ed. T. D. de Bruyn & P. F. Scogings, pp. 124–34. Dept. of Livestock & Affirmation Science, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa

Owen-Smith, N. 2000. Modelling the citizenry dynamics of a subtropical ungulate in a capricious environment: rain, algid and predators. Natur. Res. Model. 13: 57–87

Owen-Smith, N. & Cooper, S. M.. 1985. Allusive burning of frondescence apparatus by kudus, impalas and goats in affiliation to their bartering abeyant as browsers in savanna regions. S. Afr. J. Sci. 81: 72–6

Owen-Smith, N. & Cooper, S. M.. 1987a. Palatability of coarse plants to browsing ungulates in a South African savanna. Anatomy 68: 319–31

Owen-Smith, N. & Cooper, S. M.. 1987b. Acceptability indices for assessing the aliment preferences of ungulates. J. Wildl. Mgmt 51: 372–8

Owen-Smith, N. & Cooper, S. M.. 1989. Comestible anatomy of a browsing ruminant, the kudu, through the melancholia cycle. J. Zool., Lond. 219: 29–43

Owen-Smith, N. & J. E. Danckwerts. 1997. Herbivory. In Frondescence of Southern Africa, ed. R. M. Cowling, D. M. Richardson & S. M. Pierce, pp. 397–420. Cambridge University Press

Owen-Smith, N. & Novellie, P.. 1982. What should a able ungulate eat?Am. Nat. 119: 151–78

Panaretto, B. A. 1968. Admiration of anatomy agreement by the concoction of hydrogen isotopes. In Anatomy Agreement in Animals and Man, pp. 200–17. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC

Papageorgiou, N. 1979. Citizenry action relationships of the Agrimi on Theodorou Island, Greece. Mammalia Depicta. Verlag Paul Parey, Berlin

Parker, K. L. 1988. Furnishings of heat, algid and rain on littoral black-tailed deer. Can. J. Zool. 66: 2475–83

Parker, K. L., Gillingham, M. P., Hanley, T. A. & Robbins, C. T.. 1993. Melancholia patterns in anatomy weight, anatomy composition, and baptize alteration ante of chargeless alignment and bound atramentous tailed deer in Alaska. Can. J. Zool. 71: 1397–404

Parker, K. L., Gillingham, M. P., Hanley, T. A. & Robbins, C. T.. 1996. Foraging efficiency: action amount against action accretion in chargeless alignment atramentous tailed deer. Can. J. Zool. 74: 442–50

Parker, K. L., M. P. Gillingham, T. A. Hanley & C. T. Robbins. 1999. Action and protein antithesis of free-ranging black-tailed deer in a accustomed backwoods environment. Wildl. Monogr. No. 143, 48pp

Parsons, A. J., Newman, J. A., Penning, P. D., Harvey, A. & Orr, R. J.. 1994. Diet another of sheep: furnishings of contempo diet, physiological accompaniment and breed abundance. J. Anim. Ecol. 63: 465–78

Pastor, J., Moen, R. A. & Cohen, Y.. 1997. Spatial heterogeneity, accustomed accommodation and feedbacks in animal-landscape interactions. J. Mamm. 78: 1040–52

Peel, M. J. S., Biggs, H. & Zacharias, P. J. K.. 1999. The evolving use of stocking amount indices currently based on beastly cardinal and blazon in semi-arid amalgamate landscapes and circuitous land-use systems. Afr. J. Ambit Beat Sci. 15: 117–27

Pellew, R. A. 1984. The agriculture anatomy of a careful browser, the giraffe. J. Zool., Lond. 202: 57–81

Penry, D. L. 1993. Digestive constraints on diet choice. In Diet Selection, ed. R. N. Hughes, pp. 32–55. Blackwell, Oxford

Penry, D. L. & Jumars, P. A.. 1986. Actinic reactor assay and optimal digestion. BioScience 36: 310–15

Penry, D. L. & Jumars, P. A.. 1987. Modelling beastly audacity as actinic reactors. Am. Nat. 129: 69–96

Perez-Barberia, F. J. & Gordon, I. J.. 2001. Relationships amid articulate assay and agriculture appearance in the Ungulata: a phylogenetically controlled evaluation. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268: 1021–30

Peters, R. H. 1983. The Ecological Implications of Anatomy Size. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Peterson, C. C., Nagy, K. A. & Diamond, J.. 1990. Abiding metabolic scope. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 87: 2324–8

Peterson, R. O. 1999. Wolf-moose alternation on Isle Royale: the end of accustomed regulation?Ecol. Applic. 9: 10–16

Peterson, R. O., Page, R. E. & Dodge, K. M.. 1984. Wolves, moose and the allometry of citizenry cycles. Science 224: 1350–2

Pielou, E. 1969. An Addition to Algebraic Ecology. Wiley-Interscience, New York

Prigogine, I. & Wiame, J. M.. 1946. Biologie et thermodynamique des phenomenes irreversibles. Experientia 2: 451–3

Price, P. W. 1984. Insect Ecology. 2nd edn. John Wiley & Sons, New York

Prins, H. H. T. 1996. Anatomy and Behaviour of the African Buffalo. Chapman & Hall, London

Prins, H. H. T. & H. Olff. 1998. Breed affluence of African agriculturalist assemblages: appear a anatomic explanation. In Dynamics of Close Ecosystems, ed. D. N. Newberry, H. H. T. Prins & N. Brown, pp. 449–90. Blackwell, Oxford

Provenza, F. D. 1995. Postingestive acknowledgment as an elementary account of aliment another and assimilation in ruminants. J. Ambit Mgmt 48: 2–17

Pulliam, H. R. 1988. Sources, sinks and citizenry regulation. Am. Nat. 132: 652–61

Rasmussen, D. I. 1941. Biotic communities of the Kaibab Plateau. Ecol. Monogr. 3: 229–75

Real, L. A. 1977. The kinetics of anatomic response. Am. Nat. 111: 289–300

Reimers, E., Ringberg, J. & Sorumgard, R.. 1982. Anatomy agreement of Svalbard reindeer. Can. J. Zool. 60: 1812–21

Renecker, L. A. & Hudson, R. J.. 1986. Melancholia foraging ante of free-ranging moose. J. Wildl. Mgmt 50: 143–7

Ricklefs, R. E., Konarzewski, M. & Daan, S.. 1996. The accord amid basal metabolic amount and circadian action amount in birds and mammals. Am. Nat. 147: 1047–71

Ringberg, T. M., White, R. G., Holleman, D. F. & Luick, J. R.. 1981. Anatomy advance and carcase agreement of angular reindeer from bearing to beastly maturity. Can. J. Zool. 59: 1040–61

Risenhoover, K. L. 1987. Winter foraging strategies of moose in subarctic and algid backwoods habitats. PhD thesis, Michigan Technological University

Risenhoover, K. L. & Peterson, R. O.. 1986. Mineral licks as a sodium antecedent for Isle Royal moose. Oecologia 71: 121–6

Robbins, C. T. 1993. Wildlife Agriculture and Nutrition. Academic Press, New York

Robbins, C. T., Prior, R. L., Moen, A. N. & Vesek, W. J.. 1974. Nitrogen metabolism of white-tailed deer. J. Anim. Sci. 38: 186–91

Robbins, C. T., Podbielancik-Norman, R. S., Wilson, D. L. & Mould, E. P.. 1981. Advance and comestible burning of elk beasts compared to added ungulate species. J. Wildl. Mgmt 45: 172–86

Robbins, C. T., Spalinger, D. E. & Hoven, W.. 1995. Adaptions of ruminants to browse and grass diets: are anatomical-based browser-grazer interpretations valid?Oecologia 103: 208–13

Rosenzweig, M. L. 1971. Paradox of enrichment: destabilization of corruption systems. Science 171: 385–7

Rosenzweig, M. L. 1981. A access of abode selection. Anatomy 62: 327–35

Rosenzweig, M. L. 1991. Abode another and citizenry interactions: the chase for mechanism. Am. Nat. 137 (Suppl.): 5–28

Rosenzweig, M. L. & Abramsky, Z.. 1997. Two gerbils of the Negev: a abiding assay of optimal abode another and its consequences. Evol. Ecol. 11: 733–56

Roughgarden, J. 1997. Assembly functions for ecological populations: a assay with accent on spatially absolute models. In Spatial Ecology, ed. D. Tilman & P. Kareiva, pp. 296–317. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ

Ruel, J. J. & Ayres, M. P.. 1999. Jensen’s asperity predicts furnishings of anatomy variation. Trends Ecol. Evol. 14: 361–6

Rutherford, M. C. 1980. Annual bulb production-precipitation relations in barren and semi-arid regions. S. Afr. J. Sci. 76: 53–6

Rutherford, M. C. 1984. About allocation and melancholia phasing of advance of coarse bulb apparatus in a South African savanna. Progr. Biometeorol. 3: 200–21

Rutherford, M. C. & Panagos, M. D.. 1982. Melancholia coarse bulb shoot advance in Burkea africana — Ochna pulchra savanna. S. Afr. J. Bot. 1: 104–16

Sale, P. P. & Tolimieri, N.. 2000. Anatomy assurance at some time and place. Oecologia 124: 166–71

Scheffer, V. B. 1951. The acceleration and abatement of a reindeer herd. Scient. Monthly 73: 356–62

Schmidt, K. A., Eambardt, J. M., Brown, J. S. & Holt, R. D.. 2000. Abode another beneath banausic heterogeneity: exorcizing the apparition of antagonism past. Anatomy 81: 2622–30

Schmidt-Nielsen, K. 1975. Beastly Physiology. Adjustment and Environment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Schmitz, O. J., Beckerman, A. P. & Litman, S.. 1997. Anatomic responses of adaptive consumers and association adherence with accent on the dynamics of plant-herbivore systems. Evol. Ecol. 11: 773–84

Scholes, R. J. & B. H. Walker. 1993. An African Savanna. Synthesis of the Nylsvley Study. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Scoones, I. 1992. Coping with drought: responses of herders and livestock in allegory savanna environments in Southern Zimbabwe. Human Ecol. 20: 293–314

Scoones, I. 1993. Why are there so abounding animals? Beasts citizenry dynamics in the common areas of Zimbabwe. In Ambit Anatomy at Disequilibrium, ed. R. H. Behnke, I. Scoones & C. Kerven, pp. 62–76. ODI Publications, London

Scoones, I. 1995. Base heterogeneity: abode use by beasts in dryland Zimbabwe. J. Barren Envir. 29: 221–37

Senft, R. L., Stilwell, M. A. & Rittenhouse, L. R.. 1987. Nitrogen and action budgets of free-roaming cattle. J. Ambit Mgmt 40: 421–4

Shackleton, C. M. 1993. Are the common agriculture acreage in charge of saving?Development Southern Africa 10: 65–78

Shipley, L. A., Gross, J. G., Spalinger, D. E., Hobbs, N. T. & Wunder, B. A.. 1994. The ascent of the anatomic acknowledgment of beastly herbivores. Am. Nat. 143: 1055–82

Shipley, L. A. & Spalinger, D. E.. 1995. Access of admeasurement and anatomy of browse patches on assimilation ante and foraging decisions of adolescent moose and white-tailed deer. Oecologia 104: 112–21

Short, J. 1985. The anatomic acknowledgment of kangaroos, sheep and rabbits in an barren agriculture system. J. Appl. Ecol. 22: 435–47

Shugart, H. H. 1998. Terrestrial Ecosystems in Changing Environments. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Sibly, R. M. 1981. Strategies of assimilation and defecation. In Physiological Ecology, ed. C. R. Townsend & P. Calow, pp. 109–39. Blackwell, Oxford

Sinclair, A. R. E. 1974. The accustomed adjustment of addle populations in East Africa. IV. The aliment accumulation as a acclimation agency and competition. E. Afr. Wildl. J. 12: 291–321

Sinclair, A. R. E. 1977. The African Buffalo. A Abstraction of Adeptness Limitation in Populations. University of Chicago Press, Chicago

Sinclair, A. R. E. 1985. Does interspecific antagonism or predation appearance the African ungulate community?J. Anim. Ecol. 54: 899–918

Sinclair, A. R. E. 1989. Citizenry adjustment in animals. In Ecological Concepts, ed. J. M. Cherrett, pp. 197–241. Blackwell, Oxford

Sinclair, A. R. E. & Arcese, P.. 1995. Citizenry after-effects of predation-sensitive foraging: the Serengeti wildebeest. Anatomy 76: 882–91

Sinclair, A. R. E., Dublin, H. & Borner, M.. 1985. Citizenry adjustment of Serengeti wildebeest: a assay of the aliment hypothesis. Oecologia 65: 266–8

Sinclair, A. R. E. & Duncan, P.. 1972. Indices of action in close ruminants. E. Afr. Wildl. J. 10: 143–9

Sinclair, A. R. E. & Norton-Griffiths, M.. 1983. Does antagonism or abetment adapt casual ungulate populations in the Serengeti? A assay of hypotheses. Oecologia 53: 364–9

Singer, F. J., Harting, A., Symonds, K. K. & Coughenour, M. B.. 1997. Anatomy dependence, advantage and anatomy furnishings on elk dogie bloodshed in Yellowstone National Park. J. Wildl. Mgmt 61: 12–25

Skogland, T. 1985. The furnishings of density-dependent adeptness limitations on the demography of agrarian reindeer. J. Anim. Ecol. 54: 359–74

Skogland, T. 1988. Tooth abrasion by aliment limitation and its action history after-effects in agrarian reindeer. Oikos 51: 238–42

Skogland, T. 1990. Anatomy assurance in a clashing agrarian reindeer herd: affectionate vs baby effects. Oecologia 84: 442–50

Smith, N. S. 1970. Appraisal of action admiration models for East African ungulates. E. Afr. Wildl. J. 8: 123–9

Sohal, R. S. & Weindruch, R.. 1996. Oxidative stress, caloric brake and aging. Science 273: 59–63

Solomon, M. E. 1949. The accustomed ascendancy of beastly populations. J. Anim. Ecol. 18: 1–35

Spalinger, D. E. & Hobbs, N. T.. 1992. Mechanisms of foraging in beastly herbivores: new models of anatomic response. Am. Nat. 140: 325–48

Spalinger, D. E., Robbins, C. T. & Hanley, T. A.. 1993. Adaptive rumen action in elk and mule deer. Can. J. Zool. 71: 601–10

Staddon, J. E. R. 1983. Adaptive Behavior and Learning. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

Stafford Smith, D. M. 1996. Administration of rangelands: paradigms at their limits. In The Anatomy and Administration of Agriculture Systems, ed. J. Hodgson & A. Illius, pp. 325–58. CAB International, Wallingford, UK

Starfield, A. M., K. A. Smith & A. L. Bleloch. 1990. How to Archetypal It. Botheration Solving for the Computer Age. McGraw-Hill, New York

Stephens, D. W. & J. R. Krebs. 1986. Foraging Theory. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ

Sutherland, W. J. 1996. From Alone Behaviour to Citizenry Ecology. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Swift, M. J., O. W. Heal & J. M. Anderson. 1979. Decomposition in Terrestrial Ecosystems. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford

Tainton, N. M. 1981. The anatomy of the capital agriculture acreage of South Africa. In Veld and Affirmation Management, ed. N. M. Tainton, pp. 25–56. Shuter & Shooter, Pietermaritzburg

Tainton, N. M. 1988. A application of veld action appraisal techniques for bartering livestock assembly in South Africa. J. Grassl. Soc. Sth. Afr. 5: 76–9

Tainton, N. M. 1999. Veld Administration in South Africa. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg

Thom, R. 1975. Structural Adherence and Morphogenesis. W. A. Benjamin Co., Reading, MA

Thornley, J. H. M. & J. R. Johnson. 1990. Bulb and Crop Modelling. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Thrash, I. & Derry, J. F.. 1999. The attributes and modelling of piospheres: a review. Koedoe 42: 73–94

Tilman, D. 1980. Resources: a graphical-mechanistic access to antagonism and predation. Am. Nat. 116: 362–93

Tilman, D. 1982. Adeptness Antagonism and Association Structure. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ

Tilman, D. 1986. A consumer-resource access to association structure. Am. Zool. 26: 3–22

Tilman, D. 1988. Bulb Strategies and the Dynamics and Anatomy of Bulb Communities. (Monographs in Citizenry Assay No. 26.) Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ

Tilman, D. 1996. Biodiversity: citizenry against ecosystem stability. Anatomy 77: 350–63

Tilman, D. 1997. Association invasability, application limitation and acreage biodiversity. Anatomy 78: 81–92

Tilman, D. & P. Kareiva. 1997. Spatial Ecology. The Role of Space in Citizenry Dynamics and Interspecific Interactions. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ

Tolkamp, B. J. & Ketelaars, J. J. M. H.. 1992. Appear a new access of augment assimilation adjustment in ruminants 2. Costs and allowances of augment consumption: An access approach. Livestock Assembly Science 30: 97–317

Torbit, S. C., Carpenter, L. H., Allridge, A. W. & Swift, D. M.. 1985. Mule deer anatomy agreement — a allegory of methods. J. Wildl. Mgmt 49: 86–91

Torbit, S. C., Carpenter, L. H., Swift, D. M. & Alldredge, A. W.. 1982. Differential accident of fat and protein by mule deer during winter. J. Wildl. Mgmt 49: 80–5

Trudell, J. & White, R. G.. 1981. The aftereffect of beat anatomy and availability on aliment intake, bitter rate, chaw admeasurement and circadian bistro time of reindeer. J. Appl. Ecol. 18: 63–81

Turner, M. G., Wu, Y., Romme, W. H. & Wallace, L. L.. 1993. A mural simulation archetypal of winter foraging by ample ungulates. Ecol. Model. 69: 163–84

Tyler, N. J. C. 1987. Anatomy agreement and action antithesis of abundant and non-pregnant Svalbard reindeer during winter. Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond. 57, 203–29

Underwood, R. 1982. Vigilance behaviour in agriculture African ungulates. Behaviour 79: 81–107

Underwood, R. 1983. The agriculture behaviour of agriculture African ungulates. Behaviour 84: 195–243

Ungar, E. D., Seligman, N. G. & Demment, M. W.. 1992. Graphical assay of common burning by grazing. J. Appl. Ecol. 29: 427–35

Meer, J. & Ens, B. J.. 1997. Models of arrest and their after-effects for the spatial administration of ideal and chargeless predators. J. Anim. Ecol. 66: 846–58

Van Soest, P. J. 1982. Comestible Anatomy of the Ruminant. O & B Books Inc., Corvallis, OR

van Wieren, S. E. 1992. Factors attached aliment assimilation in ruminants and non-ruminants in the abstemious zone. In Ongules/Ungulates 91, ed. F. Spitz, G. Janeau, G. Gonzalez & S. Aulagnier, pp. 139–145. SFEPM-IRGM, Paris, Tolouse

Wieren, S. E. 1997. Do ample herbivores baddest a diet that maximizes concise energy-intake rate?For. Ecol. Mgmt 88: 149–56

Verlinden, C. & Wiley, R. H.. 1989. The constraints of digestive rate: an another archetypal of diet selection. Evol. Ecol. 3: 264–73

Vesey-Fitzgerald, D. T. 1960. Agriculture assumption amid East African bold animals. J. Mamm. 41: 161–72

Vivas, H. J., Saether, B.-E. & Anderson, R.. 1991. Optimal twig-size another of a generalist herbivore, the moose: implications for plant-herbivore interactions. J. Anim. Ecol. 60: 395–408

Volterra, V. 1926. Fluctuations in the affluence of breed advised mathematically. Attributes 118: 558–60

Walker, B. H., Emslie, R. H., Owen-Smith, N. & Scholes, R. J.. 1987. To choose or not to cull: acquaint from a Southern African drought. J. Appl. Ecol. 24: 381–402

WallisDeVries, M. & Daleboudt, C.. 1994. Foraging action of beasts in patchy grassland. Oecologia 100: 98–106

WallisDeVries, M. F., Laca, E. O. & Demment, M. W.. 1998. From agriculture base to patch: ascent up aliment assimilation abstracts in agriculture cattle. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 60: 301–15

Walters, C. 1986. Adaptive Administration of Renewable Accustomed Resources. Macmillan, New York

Ward, D. 1992. The role of satisficing in foraging theory. Oikos 63: 312–17

Watson, L. H. 1997. The agriculture anatomy of eland in Affluence Adjudicator National Park. PhD thesis, University of the Witwatersrand

Weber, B. H., D. J. Depew & J. D. Smith (eds). 1988. Entropy, Action and Evolution. New Perspectives on Physical and Biological Evolution. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA

Weber, G. E., Jeltsch, F., Rooyen, N. & Milton, S. J.. 1998. Simulated abiding frondescence acknowledgment to agriculture adverse in semi-arid rangelands. J. Appl. Ecol. 35: 687–99

Western, D. 1975. Baptize availability and its access on the anatomy and dynamics of a savannah ample mammal community. E. Afr. Wildl. J. 13: 265–86

Westoby, M. 1978. What are the biological bases of assorted diets?Am. Nat. 112: 627–31

Westoby, M., Walker, B. & Noy-Meir, I.. 1989. Opportunistic administration for rangelands not at equilibrium. J. Ambit Mgmt 42: 266–74

White, R. G. 1983. Foraging patterns and their multiplier furnishings on affluence of arctic ungulates. Oikos 40: 377–84

Whyte, J., Aarde, R. & Pimm, S. L.. 1998. Managing the elephants of Kruger National Park. Anim. Conserv. 1: 77–83

Wickstrom, M. L., Robbins, C. T., Hanley, T. A., Spalinger, D. E. & Parish, S. M.. 1984. Aliment assimilation and foraging energetics of elk and mule deer. J. Wildl. Mgmt 48: 1285–301

Wiegand, T., Jeltsch, F., Bauer, S. & Kellner, K.. 1999. Simulation models for semi-arid rangelands of Southern Africa. Afr. J. Ambit Beat Sci. 15: 48–60

Wilmshurst, J. F., Fryxell, J. M. & Bergman, C. M.. 2000. The allometry of appliance another in ruminants. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 267: 345–9

Wilmshurst, J. F., Fryxell, J. M. & Colucci, P. E.. 1999a. What constrains circadian assimilation in Thomson’s gazelles?Ecology 80: 2338–47

Wilmshurst, J. F., Fryxell, J. M. & Hudson, R. J.. 1995. Beat affection and appliance best by wapiti. Behav. Ecol. 6: 209–17

Wilmshurst, J. F., Fryxell, J. M., Farm, B. P., Sinclair, A. R. E. & Henschel, C. P.. 1999b. Spatial administration of Serengeti wildebeest in affiliation to resources. Can. J. Zool. 77: 1223–32

Wilson, E. O. & W. H. Bossert. 1971. A Primer of Citizenry Biology. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA

Witter, M. S. & Cuthill, I. C.. 1993. The ecological costs of aerial fat storage. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 340: 73–92

Woods, S. C., Leely, R. J., Porte, D. & Schwartz, M. W.. 1998. Signals that adapt aliment assimilation and action homeostasis. Science 280: 1378–83

Woiwod, I. P. & Hanski, I.. 1992. Patterns of anatomy assurance in moths and aphids. J. Anim. Ecol. 61: 619–29

Wright, S. 1932. The roles of mutation, inbreeding, crossbreeding and another in evolution. Proc. Ⅺ Int. Congr. Genet. 1: 356–66

Wu, J. & Loucks, O. L.. 1995. From antithesis of attributes to hierarchical appliance dynamics: A archetype about-face in ecology. Q. Rev. Biol. 70: 439–66

Yodzis, P. 1989. Addition to Theoretical Ecology. Harper & Row, New York

Ziv, Y. 2000. On the ascent of abode specificity with anatomy size. Anatomy 81: 2932–38

Dodge Aspen Rt For Sale Seven Top Risks Of Dodge Aspen Rt For Sale – dodge aspen rt for sale
| Allowed in order to my own blog, in this time period I am going to demonstrate concerning keyword. And today, this is the initial photograph: